gardenia. Its yellow pigment is a crocin element of carotenoid pigment, and crocin in saffron. the same. The molecular formula is
C44H64O24 with a relative molecular weight of 976.97. Gardenia yellow can be used in fruit juice (flavor) beverages, prepared
wine, pastry makeup, popsicles, ice cream, puffed foods, jellies, noodles, candies and canned chestnuts.